There is a lack of clarity as regards the definition of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The term was first used by John McCarthy to denote machines that could think independently.  He described the entry as “getting a computer to do things which, when done by people, are said to involve intelligence.” According to researchers Shubhendu and Vijay, Artificial Intelligence is software systems “that makes decisions which normally require a human level of expertise” and help people predict problems or deal with issues as they come up. Artificial Intelligence logarithms are designed to make decisions using information. Excellent examples of artificial intelligence are the computer that plays chess and drive less cars. The ideal characteristic of artificial intelligence is its ability to rationalise and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal, although the term can be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind, such as learning and solving problems.With massive improvements in storage systems, processing speeds, and analytic techniques, these algorithms are capable of tremendous sophistication in analysis and decision making. As such, they are designed by humans with intentionality and reach conclusions based on their instant analysis.

The United Arab Emirate (UAE) recently appointed HE Omar Sultan Al Olama, as the Minister of Artificial Intelligence. This glorious position happens to be the world’s first Minister of Artificial. The UAE is working towards becoming a leading country in deploying Artificial Intelligence by 2031. The focus of the UAE in the use of AI will cover capacity building, precise regulation and policies to make Artificial Intelligence beneficial to the country, International Corporation and Mitigating risk.

Nevertheless, this essay will discuss some recommendations on how Artificial Intelligence (AI) can be deployed to create opportunities for a country, how can countries prepare to use them and whether AI can replace the efficiency of humans.

How can Artificial Intelligence create opportunities for countries?

AI has evolved into the daily lives of people, especially in high-level countries. From virtual assistants to recommendation engines, AI is in the news, our homes and offices. There is a lot of available potential regarding usage. The impact could have a multiplier effect in developing countries, where resources are limited. By leveraging the power of AI, businesses, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and governments can solve life-threatening problems and improve the livelihood of local communities in the developing world.Historically, the countries that invested in specific technology where able to progress and lead. Research states that while AI could displace roughly 7 million jobs in the U.K., it could also create 7.2 million jobs, resulting in a modest net boost of around 200,000 jobs.

With regards to development, Artificial Intelligence can be deployedin multiple domains. It can help governments to be proactive in delivering services. Artificial Intelligence can be used to shape government policies, any policy shaped without data is a wrong policy. Without data it’s difficult to take the right decision in formulating policies. It is essential for the government to start collecting data that are not sensitive but that helps us improve services. The Government also has to ensure that data that is being fed to these systems do not contain vices or if it does, control measures are set up so that these technologies will not harm the citizens. The government can use these solutions to shape policies.

Another application of AI that can aid development is smart agriculture. With smart Agriculture, farmers can examine and monitor crops more effectively and make better predictions on when to plant, weed and harvesting using AI tools. It can also be used to analyze one plant at a time and add pesticides only to infected plants and trees instead of spraying pesticides across large swaths of crops; this leads to significant productivity gain. This reduces the prices of food and increases real income and spending levels, which in turn creates demand for additional workers.

Also, top companies can leverage technology to provide their services. These companies will grow and be able to create a lot of jobs. Artificial Intelligence can be used to optimise the way we do our work, the way we give aid and empower people. It is essential for governments to come together to openly discussed, create a roadmap, share their concerns, and create the right initiatives and towards investing in it. These are many among other ways Artificial Intelligence can aid development.

With Artificial Intelligence, many researchers are of the opinion it is going to be very relevant in the future as technology keeps evolving.  If governments especially from developing countries do not invest in it or at least being a part of it and enabling their citizens today, they are going to reach a point where they can no longer get people ready because the technology will be too far ahead for them to catch on. What we would see is some pocket of the success of AI in China, US while other countries cannot adapt to it.

How can countries prepare to use these Technologies?

The biggest challenge is being ignorant of these technologies and their benefits to a nation. Before a country can deploy these technologies, it is essential to understand how they function. More specifically, countries ought to take a scientific approach when dealing with these technologies. The challenge is if a government decides to deploy these technologies without understanding what these systems are capable of this might bring a lot of harm or by lack of opportunities, so increasing awareness is vital.

Artificial intelligence is a worldwide technology that crosses borders

Another point is to understand where you can compete as a country; you can’t compete with every other country in every domain of technology. At the end of the day, if we look at the business space, there is a need to find our niche, invest in it and enable it to empower the ecosystem you have in the country. For example, the UAE cannot compete with China when it comes to the commercial deployment of Artificial intelligence, but they can compete in government deployment of Artificial Intelligence. At the moment, the Minister of Artificial Intelligence in the UAE reported that their government is working with companies all over the world who want to deploy solution technologies to other countries.

Can Artificial Intelligence replace the efficiency of Humans?

Some concerns have been raised over the years. A common fear is that AI will become highly efficient that humans will not be able to keep up. In 2014, for example, the late scientist Stephen Hawking told the BBC that the “development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.” Another dread is that it can also make people feel less inclusive in the future. However, it is suggested that emphasis is placed in understanding the impact, tool, opportunities, need, the possibilities and the target of where to deploy these technologies, which could be to either combat the challenges of society or to leverage on economic, social, and security opportunities.T he technology needs to experimented with. If we can critically understand the dynamics of these technologies, we will be able to use them in a way that fits any country with robust strategies and tangible Key Performance Indicators to meet the needs of government and citizens.

Another recommendation is that the government retools and repurposes their citizens to migrate into the new jobs that are going to be created towards technology and to get their citizens to have diversity of skills in STEAM — science, technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics — skills. The government should encourage workers to update and adapt their aptitudes on a recurrent basis to complement machines in the retooling programs that they create so that they can migrate without much fear of not being part of the future.

In conclusion, it is pertinent to note that Artificial Intelligence has the potential to move a nation forward in progressive ways. Although without tolerable safeguards or the inclusion of ethical considerations, it can turn into a challenge.